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The Articles of Religion are an official doctrinal statement of Methodism. John Wesley abridged
the Thirty-Nine Articles of the Church of England, removing the Calvinistic parts among others, reflecting Wesley's
Arminian theology.

The Articles were adopted at a conference in 1784 and are found in paragraph 103 of the United Methodist Church Book
of Discipline. They have remained relatively unchanged since 1808 by Methodists worldwide.

Text of the articles

Article I - Of Faith in the Holy Trinity
There is but one living and true God, everlasting, without body or parts, of infinite power, wisdom, and good; the
maker and preserver of all things, both visible and invisible. And in unity of this Godhead there are three persons,
of one substance, power, and eternity—the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.

Article II - Of the Word, or Son of God, Who Was Made Very Man
The Son, who is the Word of the Father, the very and eternal God, of one substance with the Father, took man's
nature in the womb of the blessed Virgin; so that two whole and perfect natures, that is to say, the Godhead and
Manhood, were joined together in one person, never to be divided; whereof is one Christ, very God and very Man,
who truly suffered, was crucified, dead, and buried, to reconcile his Father to us, and to be a sacrifice, not only for
original guilt, but also for actual sins of men.

Article III - Of the Resurrection of Christ
Christ did truly rise again from the dead, and took again his body, with all things appertaining to the perfection of
man's nature, wherewith he ascended into heaven, and there sitteth until he return to judge all men at the last day.

Article IV - Of the Holy Ghost
The Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father and the Son, is of one substance, majesty, and glory with the Father
and the Son, very and eternal God.

Article V - Of the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for Salvation
The Holy Scripture containeth all things necessary to salvation; so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be
proved thereby, is not to be required of any man that it should be believed as an article of faith, or be thought
requisite or necessary to salvation. In the name of the Holy Scripture we do understand those canonical books of
the Old and New Testaments of whose authority was never any doubt in the church. The names of the canonical
books are:

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, The First Book of Samuel,
The Second Book of Samuel, The First Book of Kings, The Second Book of Kings, The First Book of Chronicles,
The Second Book of Chronicles, The Book of Ezra, The Book of Nehemiah, The Book of Esther, The Book of Job,
The Psalms, The Proverbs, Ecclesiastes or the Preacher, Cantica or Songs of Solomon, Four Prophets the Greater,
Twelve Prophets the Less. All the books of the New Testament, as they are commonly received, we do receive and
account canonical.

Article VI - Of the Old Testament
The Old Testament is not contrary to the New; for both in the Old and New Testaments everlasting life is offered to
mankind by Christ, who is the only Mediator between God and man, being both God and Man. Wherefore they are
not to be heard who feign that the old fathers did look only for transitory promises. Although the law given from God
by Moses as touching ceremonies and rites doth not bind Christians, nor ought the civil precepts thereof of
necessity be received in any commonwealth; yet notwithstanding, no Christian whatsoever is free from the
obedience of the commandments which are called moral.

Article VII - Of Original or Birth Sin
Original sin standeth not in the following of Adam (as the Pelagians do vainly talk), but it is the corruption of the
nature of every man, that naturally is engendered of the offspring of Adam, whereby man is very far gone from
original righteousness, and of his own nature inclined to evil, and that continually.

Article VIII - Of Free Will
The condition of man after the fall of Adam is such that he cannot turn and prepare himself, by his own natural
strength and works, to faith, and calling upon God; wherefore we have no power to do good works, pleasant and
acceptable to God, without the grace of God by Christ preventing us, that we may have a good will, and working
with us, when we have that good will.

Article IX - Of the Justification of Man
We are accounted righteous before God only for the merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, by faith, and not
for our own works or deservings. Wherefore, that we are justified by faith, only, is a most wholesome doctrine, and
very full of comfort.

Article X - Of Good Works
Although good works, which are the fruits of faith, and follow after justification, cannot put away our sins, and
endure the severity of God's judgment; yet are they pleasing and acceptable to God in Christ, and spring out
of a true and lively faith, insomuch that by them a lively faith may be as evidently known as a tree is discerned
by its fruit.

Article XI - Of Works of Supererogation
Voluntary works—besides, over and above God's commandments—which they call works of supererogation,
cannot be taught without arrogancy and impiety. For by them men do declare that they do not only render unto
God as much as they are bound to do, but that they do more for his sake than of bounden duty is required;
whereas Christ saith plainly: When you have done all that is commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants.

Article XII - Of Sin After Justification
Not every sin willingly committed after justification is the sin against the Holy Ghost, and unpardonable. Wherefore,
the grant of repentance is not to be denied to such as fall into sin after justification. After we have received the
Holy Ghost, we may depart from grace given, and fall into sin, and, by the grace of God, rise again and amend
our lives. And therefore they are to be condemned who say they can no more sin as long as they live here; or
deny the place of forgiveness to such as truly repent.

Article XIII - Of the Church
The visible church of Christ is a congregation of faithful men in which the pure Word of God is preached, and the
Sacraments duly administered according to Christ's ordinance, in all those things that of necessity are requisite
to the same.

Article XIV - Of Purgatory
The Romish doctrine concerning purgatory, pardon, worshiping, and adoration, as well of images as of relics,
and also invocation of saints, is a fond thing, vainly invented, and grounded upon no warrant of Scripture, but r
epugnant to the Word of God.

Article XV - Of Speaking in the Congregation in Such a Tongue as the People Understand
It is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word of God, and the custom of the primitive church, to have public prayer
in the church, or to minister the Sacraments, in a tongue not understood by the people.

Article XVI - Of the Sacraments
Sacraments ordained of Christ are not only badges or tokens of Christian men's profession, but rather they are
certain signs of grace, and God's good will toward us, by which he doth work invisibly in us, and doth not only
quicken, but also strengthen and confirm, our faith in him.

There are two Sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel; that is to say, Baptism and the Supper of
the Lord. Those five commonly called sacraments, that is to say, confirmation, penance, orders, matrimony,
and extreme unction, are not to be counted for Sacraments of the Gospel; being such as have partly grown out
of the corrupt following of the apostles, and partly are states of life allowed in the Scriptures, but yet have not the
like nature of Baptism and the Lord's Supper, because they have not any visible sign or ceremony ordained of God.
The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried about; but that we should duly
use them. And in such only as worthily receive the same, they have a wholesome effect or operation; but they that
receive them unworthily, purchase to themselves condemnation, as St. Paul saith.

Article XVII - Of Baptism
Baptism is not only a sign of profession and mark of difference whereby Christians are distinguished from others
that are not baptized; but it is also a sign of regeneration or the new birth. The Baptism of young children is to be
retained in the Church.

Article XVIII - Of the Lord's Supper
The Supper of the Lord is not only a sign of the love that Christians ought to have among themselves one to
another, but rather is a sacrament of our redemption by Christ's death; insomuch that, to such as rightly, worthily,
and with faith receive the same, the bread which we break is a partaking of the body of Christ; and likewise the
cup of blessing is a partaking of the blood of Christ.

  • Transubstantiation, or the change of the substance of bread and wine in the Supper of our Lord, cannot              
    be proved by Holy Writ, but is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth the nature of a     
    sacrament, and hath given occasion to many superstitions.

  • The body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten in the Supper, only after a heavenly and spiritual manner.            
    And the mean whereby the body of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper is faith.

  • The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Christ's ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or   
    worshiped.

Article XIX - Of Both Kinds
The cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the lay people; for both the parts of the Lord's Supper, by Christ's
ordinance and commandment, ought to be administered to all Christians alike.

Article XX - Of the One Oblation of Christ, Finished upon the Cross
The offering of Christ, once made, is that perfect redemption, propitiation, and satisfaction for all the sins
of the whole world, both original and actual; and there is none other satisfaction for sin but that alone.
Wherefore the sacrifice of masses, in the which it is commonly said that the priest doth offer Christ for
the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, is a blasphemous fable and dangerous deceit.

Article XXI - Of the Marriage of Ministers
The ministers of Christ are not commanded by God's law either to vow the estate of single life, or to abstain
from marriage; therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other Christians, to marry at their own discretion, as they
shall judge the same to serve best to godliness.

Article XXII - Of the Rites and Ceremonies of Churches
It is not necessary that rites and ceremonies should in all places be the same, or exactly alike; for they have
been always different, and may be changed according to the diversity of countries, times, and men's manners,
so that nothing be ordained against God's Word. Whosoever, through his private judgment, willingly and
purposely doth openly break the rites and ceremonies of the church to which he belongs, which are not
repugnant to the Word of God, and are ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be rebuked
openly, that others may fear to do the like, as one that offendeth against the common order of the church,
and woundeth the consciences of weak brethren. Every particular church may ordain, change, or abolish rites
and ceremonies, so that all things may be done to edification.

Article XXIII - Of the Rulers of the United States of America
The President, the Congress, the general assemblies, the governors, and the councils of state, as the delegates
of the people, are the rulers of the United States of America, according to the division of power made to them by
the Constitution of the United States and by the constitutions of their respective states. And the said states are a
sovereign and independent nation, and ought not to be subject to any foreign jurisdiction.

Article XXIV - Of Christian Men's Goods
The riches and goods of Christians are not common as touching the right, title, and possession of the same, as
some do falsely boast. Notwithstanding, every man ought, of such things as he possesseth, liberally to give alms
to the poor, according to his ability.

Article XXV - Of a Christian Man's Oath
As we confess that vain and rash swearing is forbidden Christian men by our Lord Jesus Christ and James his
apostle, so we judge that the Christian religion doth not prohibit, but that a man may swear when the magistrate
requireth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it be done according to the prophet's teaching, in justice, judgment,
and truth.